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Method of Reasoning. The correct answer choice is (E)
Edwina argues that we should hear Mozart as he intended it, and that he intended it as he heard it. Since Mozart heard his music performed by 18th century instruments, Edwina concludes that so should we.
Alberto points out that just because Mozart heard his music performed by 18th century instruments does not mean that he ever heard his music played as he intended it, because Mozart wrote at a time when the performer was expected to interpret and modify the composition.
Alberto contests the idea that what Mozart heard played was what he intended. Alberto does not directly attack Edwina’s conclusion; instead, he focuses on her questionable premise that what Mozart heard played was what he intended. You are asked to identify Alberto’s method of reasoning, so you should focus on the fact that he attacks one of Edwina’s premises.
Answer choice (A): Alberto does not appeal to any academic authority, so this choice is wrong.
Answer choice (B): Alberto’s attack was based on the possibility that music in Mozart’s time was too subject to interpretation for one to know Mozart’s intent on the basis of how Mozart would have heard his own music. Alberto does not discuss the importance of creativity to the audience.
Answer choice (C): Alberto merely attacks Edwina’s premise without even necessarily claiming that her end conclusion that Mozart’s music should be performed on 18th century instruments is incorrect, so you cannot be sure that Alberto argues for another particular view.
Answer choice (D): Alberto attacks Edwina’s premises rather than her logic, so this choice is incorrect. Alberto could have attacked Edwina’s logic, but he chooses to deal instead with her questionable, but stated, premise that Mozart’s intent was indicated by how he heard the music. Remember, logic references the structure and method, not the actual information and basic assertions.
Answer choice (E): This is the correct answer choice. Alberto gives us reason to doubt Edwina’s stated premise that how Mozart heard his music indicates his intent.