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  • Posts: 51
  • Joined: Jan 09, 2020
Could someone explain why the correct answer is (B) , but not (E)?
 Christen Hammock
PowerScore Staff
  • PowerScore Staff
  • Posts: 62
  • Joined: May 14, 2020
Hey Jay!

Answer Choice (E) doesn't fit the passage's description of the second rationale. There's nothing "inherent" in the level of punishments—one is based on social benefit, and the other is based on the severity of the crime. The difference is that, as answer choice (B) points out, the second rationale doesn't suffer from the problem of disproportionate punishments for harm. The shoplifting example around line 25 supports this: the first rationale might lead us to punish this relatively low-harm crime harshly so that shoplifting is deterred. That's the "potential unfairness" in (B).


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