- Tue Nov 08, 2016 5:30 pm
Generally the LSAT is not going to use the same word in the answer choices as in the stimulus, as that would make the test too easy. The word "justified/just" is used in the second paragraph as a synonym for "fair": "But from the retributivist point of view, the question to be asked about punishment is not whether it is beneficial, but whether it is just." Later in the passage, the author pairs the words "just" and "fairly," further indicating what the author meant by "just."
You can also take a step back and think about the structure of the passage. In the beginning, the utilitarian rationale and the retributivist rationale are contrasted. It is only later in the passage that the author tries to synthesize them. So, because the question asks about paragraph two, your answer should involve the way that the retributivist (second) rationale is contrasted against the utilitarian (first) rationale.