- Thu Dec 28, 2017 6:55 pm
This issue with answer choice (A) is that we don't know it to be true. It may well be, but we cannot reasonably infer it from the second paragraph. We don't know that objectivism "rests on evidence that conflicts with introspectionism," only that when the two do conflict, objectivists side with scientific evidence, while subjectivists may not (they "are not persuaded by appeals to science"). This leaves open the possibility that both objectivists and subjectivists may agree on the the overwhelming majority of philosophical subjects, including foundational tenets, but have vehement disagreements about certain matters, mainly methodology. The passage itself doesn't clarify the actual subjects of their disagreements, only that the two camps fundamentally disagree about methodology. So there simply isn't enough evidence to say that answer choice (A) is true, even if it most likely is. Answer choice (B), however, can clearly be inferred from the dismissal of introspection by objectivists that is stated in the passage, making it the unambiguously correct answer.
Hope this clears things up!