- Tue Jan 26, 2021 2:26 pm
I don't think you're missing anything, but I do think you're holding answer choice E to too high a standard. The question stem asks about what the passage "suggests," which means we're unlikely to find a direct statement validating the answer choice. Instead we're looking to see if we have the pieces in place from the passage to take the next reasonable step to what the answer choice says.
Take another look at the first paragraph, specifically these two sentences next to each other: "But because biologists could find no genetic mechanism to make the transmission of environmentally induced adaptations seem plausible, they have long held that inheritance of acquired characteristics never occurs. Yet new research has uncovered numerous examples of the phenomenon." The first of those sentences suggests a reason biologists have held such inheritance never occurs (a lack of evidence). The second of those sentences suggests that reason is disappearing (new research is uncovering evidence). In a sense it's almost like they give you the following pieces: A caused B (lack of evidence caused a lack of belief). A is going away (there's evidence now). What's the next logical step? Absence of cause means absence of effect. In other words, the new evidence suggests there will be biologists who believe in (horizontal) inheritance of acquired characteristics.
Is that inference 100% solid? No, but that's not the standard we're being held to here. When we're looking for something the passage "suggests," we get a little bit of wiggle room down from that 100% standard.
I hope this helps!