- Tue Aug 15, 2017 6:28 pm
Hi gweatherall and avengingangel,
Answer (C) states, "Because the content of fairy tales has historically run counter to prevailing orthodoxies about childrearing, psychologists such as Bettelheim sometimes reinterpret them to suit their own pedagogical needs."
Avengingangel is right to be suspicious of the first clause, "Because the content..." This seems problematic because the passage is talking about fairy tales that reinforce, rather than run counter to, the "prevailing orthodoxies about childrearing." These orthodoxies seem to refer to the view that children are always the transgressors and parents never so.
The rest of the language seems problematic as well, compared with the right answer. That is, "psychologists such as Bettelheim sometimes reinterpret them to suit their own pedagogical needs" portrays a rather neutral tone about Bettelheim. However, the end of the passage makes the author's view of Bettelheim apparent--in doing so, it signals the author's tone. In addition to describing the function of the overall passage, Answer (D) carries across that tone. "(D) The pervasive need to deny adult evil has led psychologists such as Bettelheim to erroneously view fairy tales solely as instruments of moral instruction for children." In addition to describing the passage's purpose, (D) also captures that the author disagrees with Bettelheim's interpretation.