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(See the complete passage discussion here: lsat/viewtopic.php?t=10362)
The correct answer choice is (B)
This question requires that we parallel the scholars’ application of the utility maximization principle to the crime deterrence debate, described mainly in the third paragraph of the passage. This question is similar to some Parallel Reasoning questions in the Logical Reasoning section of the test. The first step, then, is to produce an abstraction of the relationship between the utility maximization principle and the deterrence debate. A good abstraction of that relationship would be: a new perspective shows that two seemingly antithetical views are surprisingly complementary.
Answer choice (A): The utility maximization principle is neither a paradox nor a metaphor.
Answer choice (B): This is the correct answer choice. Just like the law of optics is used to demonstrate that two seemingly divergent lines actually run parallel to each other, the utility maximization principle shows that the two sides of the crime deterrence debate are not in conflict.
Answer choice (C): The utility maximization principle cannot be reduced to a quotation.
Answer choice (D): Although the utility maximization principle is derived from one field (economics) and applied to another (law), it provides a new perspective, not new evidence, to weigh in on a controversial issue.
Answer choice (E): While the utility maximization principle is used to resolve a controversial issue, we cannot reduce its significance to a short quotation.