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(See the complete passage discussion here: lsat/viewtopic.php?t=13649)
The correct answer choice is (E)
This Global Reference question is not easy to prephrase, but the right answer choice will be the one that passes the Fact Test, and describes something done by both authors in arguing for their positions.
Answer choice (A): Only the second author mentions biological origins, so this choice should be ruled out of contention.
Answer choice (B): Neither author endorses a claim just because it is widely believed, so this cannot be the right answer choice.
Answer choice (C): The second author considers a claim for the sake of argument (the claim that a biological component may explain the drive to have more than our neighbors), but the first author does not.
Answer choice (D): This might have been a tempting answer choice, because the results of the study discussed are puzzling, but the authors are really just trying to answer the question of why relative prosperity seems more important than absolute wealth level.
Answer choice (E): This is the correct answer choice. The first author presents the results of the Solnick and Hemenway study in support of the rivalry explanation, and the second author claims to be supported by the data as well, in the assertion that happiness comes from a feeling of success, and of having created value.