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(See the complete passage discussion here: lsat/viewtopic.php?t=10859)
The correct answer choice is (B)
This question asks for the answer choice that would help reconcile the Kantian argument, that rational beings implicitly authorize behavior similar to their own, with the first author’s assertion that harmless lies would not provide sufficient reason to lie to a pathological liar.
Answer choice (A): Lying to a liar is not the same as responding to pathological behavior with pathological behavior, so the irrationality of such an act would have no relevance to this question.
Answer choice (B): This is the correct answer choice. If rationality cannot be reasonably attributed to pathological behavior, then a pathological liar would not, according to the Kantian view, be implicitly authorizing others to lie to him. The two views would be compatible with each other, as they lead to the same conclusion regarding how to treat pathological liars.
Answer choice (C): This is an Opposite Answer, since this would make the two referenced assertions incompatible: Kant would argue that such liars, as rational beings, should be treated in kind; the author of passage A, meanwhile, would argue that without harm, there is little reason for such reciprocal treatment.
Answer choice (D): The distinction between duties and rights is only made in passage B, not in passage A. Consequently, it would not make the first author’s suggestion compatible with the Kantian argument presented in the second passage.
Answer choice (E): This choice would not reconcile the two authors’ assertions, so this cannot be the right answer choice.