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(See the complete passage discussion here: lsat/viewtopic.php?t=10851)
The correct answer choice is (C)
The last paragraph begins with one potential objection to the author’s recommendation: the possibility that a judge’s “real reasoning,” i.e. possibly biased motivations, might be hidden behind the legally adequate reasoning used to justify a case’s ultimate ruling.
Answer choice (A): The “real reasoning” refers not to the a judge’s decision against recusal, but rather to the biased reasoning underlying the judicial ruling.
Answer choice (B): Hopefully you were able to eliminate this answer choice relatively quickly, as no mention is made of arguments that are potentially too technical to understand.
Answer choice (C): This is the correct answer choice. As discussed above, by “real reasoning” the author means the reasoning that may allow for the “presence of undetected bias” (lines 45-46). In other words, this is reasoning that is motivated by the judge’s personal feelings against the defendant.
Answer choice (D): This answer choice describes the sort of legally adequate reasoning that a judge would present to justify a ruling, not the “real reasoning” that such justification could potentially obscure.
Answer choice (E): As discussed above, the “real reasoning” refers not to the central legal principle presented by the judge, by rather to the potentially biased basis for the ruling.