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Adam Tyson wrote: ↑Sun Feb 14, 2021 12:16 am This is a causal argument, menkenj, as the author is talking about the quality of care being "responsible for" the differences by hospital. To weaken that we need an alternate cause, or the cause without the effect, of the effect without the cause, or a reversed cause and effect, or a problem with the data. Answer E provides none of these, while answer B gives us a good alternate cause.Thanks, Adam! It seems like it would be helpful for me to put more emphasis on pointing out C/E elements as I sometimes miss that feature. Would it be helpful to spend time after an LR section to guess the modifiers (C/E, S/N, #%, FL, etc) as a way to more explicitly call attention to these elements? In other words, would that sort of practice help train my brain to pick up on C/E and other key elements more effectively? Is there a better way?
Read through E and ask yourself what it tells you about differences by hospital, or differences in quality. Does it give some other cause? Does it attack any data? Does it suggest that the cause and effect are backwards, or that one of them occurs at a time when the other does not? I think you'll find that it does none of those things, and is therefore just not relevant to the argument.