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Justify. The correct answer choice is (B)
This stimulus begins with a brief discussion of Isaac Newton who, in addition to making valuable discoveries, used significant amounts of time on alchemy (in which he was obviously not successful). The author's conclusion is that seventeenth century publication of alchemy results would have led to more advanced eighteenth century chemistry:
- Alchemy results published → greater subsequent advances in chemistry
Answer choice (A): The stimulus is not about historians, but rather about the practitioners themselves, and what would have resulted had they recorded their results.
Answer choice (B): This is the correct answer choice, as it provides the exact conditional relationship that we were looking for:
- Reports published → Greater scientific advances
Answer choice (C): This answer presents one possible ramification if Newton's alchemy results had been published, but it does not speak to the notion of reports leading to subsequent advances, so this answer choice is incorrect.
Answer choice (D): The author does not discuss the idea of increasing specialization, so this choice is incorrect. The point of the stimulus is that experimental results, when recorded, can hasten later scientific advances.
Asnwer choice (E): This answer does not justify the conclusion of the author, who is not focused on how the alchemists could have achieved their goals, but rather on whether the reporting of the alchemy results would have led to greater advances in chemistry during the following century.