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Parallel Reasoning-PR, SN. The correct answer choice is (B)
This problem is quite difficult; only 29% of all students select the correct answer choice. The principle in the stimulus is actually a conditional statement which indicates that people receiving unsolicited advice from an interested party should always be skeptical, unless their interests coincide with those of the advice giver:
- Skeptical About Unsolicited Advice From Interested Party Interests Coincide.
- Interests Coincide Be Skeptical About Unsolicited Advice From Interested Party.
Answer choice (A) is incorrect since the judgment is to "reject the offer out of hand." As noted in the principle, advisees should be "skeptical." Since the judgments do not match, answer choice (A) is incorrect.
Answer choice (B) is the correct answer choice. The interests of the two parties do not coincide and thus Ramon should be skeptical. Since the judgment in answer choice (B) essentially indicates that Ramon should be skeptical, it is correct.
In answer choice (C), Mario solicits Yvette's advice, and so the principle does not apply.
Answer choice (D) is perhaps the most complex of the four wrong answer choices, but it is incorrect for two reasons. First, Sara and Ron clearly have a coinciding interest since each wrote a chapter of the textbook, and this scenario does not conform to the sufficient condition in the principle above. Second, and perhaps more important to the answer choice ("However, even though..."), the relationship between Sara and the book editor does not necessarily serve Sara's advantage, which is one of the criteria for enacting the principle.
Answer choice (E) is incorrect since Joel's advantage is not served by the advice he offers.