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Complete Question Explanation

Strengthen—Principle. The correct answer choice is (B).

Answer choice (A):

Answer choice (B): This is the correct answer choice.

Answer choice (C):

Answer choice (D):

Answer choice (E):

This explanation is still in progress. Please post any questions below!
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Could someone please help me understand how to get to the right answer for this question? I chose E because it was less restrictive than D, the correct answer. Was the addition of the 'less restrictive' idea in the stimulus just a trap?
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Hi grunerlokka!

First, I want to clarify that the correct answer to this question is answer choice (B). The part of the question stem about "placing the least restriction on the allocation of funds" ends up being a bit of a distraction here. First and foremost, we need to treat this as a Strengthen-Principle question and there is really only one answer choice that provides us with a principle that will strengthen the conclusion of the stimulus, so there's no need for us to make any decisions between multiple principles that strengthen the conclusion based on how restrictive they are.

With Strengthen-Principle questions, we're often just looking for a rule that abstractly matches the argument in the stimulus. So our first step is always to specifically identify the structure of the argument.

Conclusion: The directors should obtain permission from those who made the donations before giving the surplus to other animal shelters.
Premise: The funds were originally donated for the repairs on the Pinecrest Animal Shelter, which have now been completed.

So we're looking for a rule that strengthens the conclusion that the directors should get permission from the donors before using the excess funds for a purpose other than repairing the animal shelter, because the funds were originally donated for that specific purpose.

Answer choice (B) matches this prephrase well "People who solicit charitable donations from the public for a specific cause should spend the funds only on that cause or, if that becomes impossible, should dispose of the funds according to the express wishes of the donors." This answer choice basically says that you shouldn't use donations that were solicited for one specific purpose for another purpose without getting permission from the donors. This strengthens the conclusion that the directors should obtain permission from the donors before giving the excess to other animal shelters.

Answer choice (E) states that "People who contribute money to charitable organizations should be considered to be placing their trust in the directors of those organizations to use the money wisely according to whatever circumstance might arise." This actually kind of weakens the conclusion because it basically says that donors should just trust the organizations they give money to to use the the money as they see fit, in which case the directors would not need to ask them for permission if they want to use it for a different purpose than it was originally intended for.

Always make sure to specifically identify the conclusion and focus on it!

Hope this helps!


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