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Assumption. The correct answer choice is (D)
The stimulus contains conditional reasoning, and can be diagrammed as follows:
DS = democratic society exists
SB = citizens establish strong bonds of mutual trust
PCO = participation in civic organizations, political parties, and other groups outside the family
Premises: DS SB PCO
Conclusion: Widespread reliance on movies and electronic media for entertainment has an
inherently corrosive effect on democracy.
Answer choice (A): This was the most commonly selected wrong answer, and this answer is
incorrect because it exaggerates the situation. The author does not assume that anyone would be
unable to form a strong bond of trust. The argument was clear about a corrosive effect on democracy.
This answer, if it were an assumption, would lead to the end of democracy. That result is too strong
for the author’s conclusion.
Answer choice (B): The author makes no assumption regarding organizations advancing their
Answer choice (C): The argument is not about newspapers and print media.
Answer choice (D): This is the correct answer. This Supporter assumption connects the new element
in the conclusion back to the conditional relationship in the premises.
Answer choice (E): The author does not assume that closeness to the family is a bad thing, but that
one must also participate outside the family. This answer does not suggest otherwise, and it is not an
assumption of the argument.