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Flaw in the Reasoning-#%. The correct answer choice is (B)
In this dialogue, Sandy makes the reasonable argument that the best time to play the lottery is when the pot is the biggest. Alex asserts that it is better to play when the pot is lower and there are less people playing.
The flaw in Alex’s reasoning is that he seems to think of lottery players as competitors who can have an effect on each other’s odds of winning. The truth is that one’s odds of winning the lottery are the same regardless of how many other lottery players there are.
Answer choice (A): There is no referenced in Sandy’s argument to the number of times one plays, so this answer choice is incorrect.
Answer choice (B): This is the correct answer choice. Alex asserts that the number of other players has some effect on Sandy’s odds, which they do not.
Answer choice (C): Sandy does not assert that one’s chances are unaffected by the size of the pot; rather, the assertion is simply that it is better to play when the pot is bigger.
Answer choice (D): Alex does not make this assertion—his argument is based on the number of people playing the lottery in any given week.
Answer choice (E): Sandy doesn’t argue that the chances of winning go up under such circumstances, just that the pot increases after each time the lottery isn’t won.