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Method of Reasoning. The correct answer choice is (C)
Contrary to the claims made in the newspaper article on Britain’s unions, the author concludes that the strength of these unions is not declining. Her rationale is that strong unions do not need to call strikes, which is why the decreasing number of strikes is evidence of strength and not weakness. Because the author relies upon the same evidence used in the article (decreasing number of strikes) to draw an opposite conclusion (unions are strong, not weak – as the article suggested), answer choice (C) is correct.
Answer choice (A): The author does not question the accuracy of the evidence used in the article (she never suggested, for instance, that the number of strikes in Britain is not declining). Rather, she used the same evidence to draw a different conclusion. This answer choice is incorrect.
Answer choice (B): Just because the article drew an incorrect conclusion from the evidence presented does not mean that its conclusion is outdated. This answer choice is incorrect.
Answer choice (C): This is the correct answer choice. See discussion above.
Answer choice (D): The author never suggested that the article’s writers had an ulterior motive for publishing their piece. There is no Source Argument flaw here. This answer choice is incorrect.
Answer choice (E): Even if unions and management do share some interests in common (such as profitable and humane working conditions), this is not the central premise of the author’s argument, and therefore ignoring it is not the newspaper’s main flaw. This answer choice is incorrect.