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Resolve the Paradox. The correct answer choice is (B)
The paradox in the stimulus is that raisins contain more iron per calorie than grapes even though the
two are almost identical in composition. But there is a difference: “some of the sugar in grapes is
caramelized” as the grapes are dried in the sun. Since this is the only stated difference between the
two that could affect the calorie count (water has no calories), you should focus on an answer that
discusses this difference.
Answer choice (A): This answer essentially states that grapes are bigger than raisins, and you need
several bunches to equal a handful of raisins. The issue is not the size of the grapes or raisins!
Answer choice (B): This is the correct answer. If the iron content in the raisins and grapes is
identical, but raisins have fewer calories for counting purposes, then the iron per calorie will be
higher for raisins, as highlighted by the following example:
Note that the paradox could have addressed any common element between raisins and grapes (such
as fiber or fat), and raisins would always have the higher per calorie content since they contain fewer
Answer choice (C): The paradox in the stimulus does not involve the rate at which the body can
absorb iron or any other nutrient. This answer misses the point and is incorrect.
Answer choice (D): The availability of raisins and grapes is not an issue in the stimulus. The answer
then discusses iron, but the point made about yearly intake is irrelevant.
Answer choice (E): The comparison in the stimulus is between grapes and raisins. This answer,
which brings in other food items, is irrelevant.