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Resolve the Paradox. The correct answer choice is (E)
The paradox presented in this stimulus is the inconsistency between two facts:
- Telemarketing fraud has become a growingly serious problem.
There have still been few complaints about such fraud to law enforcement agencies.
Answer choice (A): The stimulus presents a paradox that deals only with the seriousness of the crime of telemarketing fraud and the lack of complaints. This choice deals with telemarketers after they have been convicted of fraud, which would presumably take place after complaints to law enforcement authorities. Since the paradox concerns the small number of complaints (relative to the seriousness of the problem), what happens after conviction is irrelevant to the inquiry and certainly does not resolve the discrepancy.
Answer choice (B): The discrepancy in the stimulus is based on the relatively few complaints that are registered with law enforcement agencies, so a breakdown of those few complaints by type (“most…involve the use of credit cards”) is irrelevant to the paradox presented—this choice would not explain why there have been so few complaints.
Answer choice (C): This answer deals with the fact that for some crimes, there is a “lag time” between the commission of the crime and its discovery. While this might explain why it might be difficult to find the perpetrators of the fraud, it does not explain why complaints would not be registered by the victims upon the later discovery of the crimes.
Answer choice (D): Like incorrect answer (C) above, this choice may explain why it is difficult to catch and convict the criminals, but fails to reconcile the growing seriousness of the crime with the small number of crimes reported.
Answer choice (E): This is the correct answer choice. If most of the victims of telemarketing fraud fail to report the crimes, then even an increasingly serious problem would not be accompanied by the increase in complaints that we might otherwise expect.