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StrengthenX. The correct answer choice is (E)
In this stimulus the author presents a very basic assertion: even when clearly overstaffed, midlevel managers are unlikely to suggest reductions. Since this stimulus is followed by a Strengthen Except question, the four incorrect answer choices will strengthen the author’s assertion, and the correct answer choice will not strengthen the author’s argument.
Incorrect answer choices (A) and (B) both strengthen the author’s assertion by pointing out incentives that mid-level managers have to avoid the suggestion of staffing cuts. Answer choice (A) motivates with the incentive of increased pay with more staff, and answer choice (B) does the same, but with the incentive of decreased workload.
Answer choices (C) and (D) both strengthen the author’s argument by listing some of the benefits of maintaining staff even when overstaffed; (C) discussed maintaining morale, and (D) points out the lack of predictability that may necessitate overstaffing.
Answer choice (E): This is the correct answer choice. Correct answer choice (E) is completely irrelevant to the topic of midlevel managers and their staffing decisions. The fact that large corporations provide individuals with incentives to retire has no effect on the author’s argument, so this is the correct answer choice to this Strengthen Except question.