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Flaw in the Reasoning—CE. The correct answer choice is (A)
In this stimulus, the consumer advocate draws a flawed causal conclusion based on a single premise:
The most commonly stolen car last year was the same as that of the previous year.
- Conclusion: The type of car one drives affects one’s chances of theft.
But there is no way to assess this without knowing more information. For example, if the referenced model were the only car available in a certain country, then its popularity among thieves would tell us nothing.
Answer choice (A): This is the correct answer choice. This is a slightly less drastic example than that from the discussion above. If the car was the most popular in that country (even if it weren’t the only car available), then, again, its recurring popularity among thieves would tell us little.
Answer choice (B): There is no need to address this fact, so this answer choice is incorrect.
Answer choice (C): The idea that the model might have had a high resale value strengthens the advocate’s argument, so this is certainly not a flaw.
Answer choice (D): The advocate does not make any presumptions about the thieves’ various considerations, but rather draws from limited information about the most commonly stolen cars from the last two years.
Answer choice (E): The advocate does not discuss the discussion of which car should be chosen—the advocate’s point is to draw a causal conclusion from a particular model’s apparent popularity among thieves.