- PowerScore Staff
- Posts: 164
- Joined: Sep 28, 2011
I think you are right. The correct answer really just links the second premise to the conclusion. However, notice that the first sentence sets things up a bit by using the word "sincerity." Even though they didn't use this word explicitly in the conclusion, when they refer to speaking "honestly" about unpleasant realities, they are referring to that "sincerity" present in answer choice (A).
Unfortunately, you don't always know precisely what the correct answer will link to in the stimulus in a Justify the Conclusion question. Generally, you are correct, you want to look for the logical gap in the argument and then target the answer that closes that gap. But, at the end of the day, all the correct answer must do is guarantee the conclusion. So while closing the gap may accomplish that, sometimes answers will just steer around the gap. For example:
Premise: All dogs are mammals.
Premise: All mammals are animals.
Conclusion: All dogs have mitochondria in their cells.
If you are truly gap spotting here, you would probably prephrase something like, "all animals have mitochondria in their cells." But what if an answer choice said "all mammals have mitochondria in their cells"? That still proves the conclusion. It doesn't close the gap in the argument, per se, but it steers around the gap and gets you to the conclusion regardless. And again, that's all the correct answer really has to do.
Hope that helps!
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