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Method of Reasoning. The correct answer choice is (C)
The psychologist says that people inaccurately predict what effect particular events will have on their
happiness in the future, but says that this tendency should not be fought. The author points out that
visually, parallel lines sometimes appear to come together, but you wouldn’t want to have a surgeon
operate on your eye or visual cortex in an effort to fix the optical illusion.
The question stem that follows is a Method of Reasoning question, so the correct answer choice
will provide an accurate description of the psychologist’s argumentative strategy: The psychologist
discusses an inaccuracy in perception, but warns against attempting to alter that perception, referring
to an analogous case in a different context (that of a visually inaccurate perception that one would be
well advised not to alter).
Answer choice (A): The psychologist does not attempt to refute the inevitability of any claim, so this
choice should be quickly ruled out.
Answer choice (B): No underlying assumption is questioned in the stimulus, so this choice cannot be
an accurate description of the psychologist’s method of reasoning.
Answer choice (C): This is the correct answer choice; the author argues that it would be
inappropriate to attempt to fix a tendency to make inaccurate predictions about future happiness, in
the same way that it would be inappropriate to operate in response to an optical illusion.
Answer choice (D): The psychologist argues that similar actions in two analogous contexts would
not be advisable, and the statements are not intended to prove that the two situations are similar, so
this choice fails on two counts.
Answer choice (E): The method of reasoning applied in this case is the use of analogy—it is not the
establishment of a generalization used to argue against an action.