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Method of Reasoning—AP, CE. The correct answer choice is (E)
Your task in this Method of Reasoning – Argument Part question is to select the answer that
properly identifies the role played by the claim that to explain the causes of cultural phenomena,
a social scientist needs data about several societies. This claim is followed by a colon, indicating
that what will follow is an explanation of the statement. What follows is an example regarding what
information is needed to determine what caused an observed political structure to emerge.
Your prephrase is that the part played by the role is an claim, rather than your normal conclusion,
that is explained by the example described above.
Answer choice (A): This is a shell game answer that uses the term “certain” in a different context
than was used in the stimulus to create confusion. In the stimulus, “certain” referred one out of a
group, while in the answer choice “certainty” is used to describe the state of having no doubt.
Answer choice (B): The statement is not a premise, because it is not offered in support of any other
Answer choice (C): This choice is incorrect because the example does not show that there is a causal
relationship. Rather, the philosopher states that the relationship is unknown, and that is why the
scientists need the data identified.
Answer choice (D): The statement identified in the stimulus is not a dilemma, which is a choice
between two options.
Answer choice (E): This is the correct answer choice. The example provided by the philosopher
to support the statement identified in the question stem pertains to what is needed to determine what
caused the political structure to emerge.