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Flaw in the Reasoning. The correct answer choice is (C)
Your task in this Flaw question is to select the answer choice containing the most accurate
description of the flawed method of reasoning used in the stimulus. The argument proceeds:
Premise: a strike would cut into our strike fund and would in addition lead to a steep
fine, causing us to suffer a major financial loss
Conclusion: thus, we must not strike now
The reasoning in this stimulus is open to attack on the basis that it appears to consider only financial
interests, when those interests are not necessarily the only ones material to the decision of whether to
strike. The correct answer will likely contain a restatement of this prephrase. The incorrect answers
will not describe a flaw in the argument’s reasoning, either because they describe something that did
not occur in the stimulus, or because they describe reasoning that occurred, but was not flaw.
Answer choice (A): This choice is incorrect because it is inconsistent with the express wording of the
stimulus, which referenced a cut into the strike fund that was separate from any potential fine.
Answer choice (B): Precision regarding what constitutes a “major financial loss” is not required
for the conclusion, which was constrained only to the issue of whether to strike, and is not flawed
reasoning to decline to discuss irrelevant information.
Answer choice (C): This is the correct answer choice. The argument concluded that the strike
must not occur, based solely on the financial loss that might result and without expressly considering
whether there might be some positive that outweighs the financial loss.
Answer choice (D): The stimulus does not appear to take the importance of the union’s financial
strength for granted, since the financial cost to the union is the only factor considered by the
Answer choice (E): The union member did not conclude that the strike should not occur now because
the timing was wrong, but only because of the financial impact. Since the conclusion did not pertain
to timing issues, no information regarding comparative timing for the strike was required.