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#35109
Complete Question Explanation

Point at Issue—#%. The correct answer choice is (E)

Your task in this Point at Issue question is to select the answer choice that best describes what the
physician and the trampoline enthusiast disagree about. Their arguments, reordered for clarity,
proceed:

Physician

..... Premise: ..... there were approximately 83,400 trampoline-related injuries last year

..... Sub-Conclusion: ..... thus, trampolines are quite dangerous

..... Conclusion: ..... so, trampolines should be used only under professional supervision

Trampoline Enthusiast

..... Premise: ..... in the past ten years sales of home trampolines have increased much more
..... ..... ..... ..... than trampoline-related injuries have: 260 percent in sales compared with 154
..... ..... ..... ..... percent in injuries

..... Premise: ..... every exercise activity carries risks, even when carried out under professional
..... ..... ..... ..... supervision

..... Conclusion: ..... thus, it is not the case that trampolines should be used only under professional
..... ..... ..... ..... supervision

The correct answer choice in this Point at Issue question will describe the information concerning
which the physician and the trampoline enthusiast disagree with each other. The incorrect answers
will present information either not discussed by at least one of the speakers, or concerning which the
speakers would agree.

Answer choice (A): The trampoline enthusiast does not express the opinion that trampolines cause
injuries. Rather, she spoke only of trampoline-related injuries.

Answer choice (B): The physician expressed no opinion regarding home trampolines.

Answer choice (C): The physician provided only the number of trampoline-related injuries last year,
and did not discuss the rate of trampoline-related injuries.

Answer choice (D): Neither speaker expressly states that professional supervision of trampoline
use tends to reduce injuries from the activity. The enthusiast’s comments come closest to this idea,
suggesting that the risk associated with the activity may be lessened by professional supervision.
The physician, however, does not indicate that the professional supervision would reduce the risk of
injury, which the physician ascribes to the nature of the trampoline itself.

Answer choice (E): This is the correct answer choice. The physician expressly states this
conclusion, to which the enthusiast replies, “I disagree.”
 15veries
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#29917
Hi,

I was not sure why D is wrong and E is right.

D...I thought they disagree this because of the last sentence of Trampoline entusiast. He did not say this directly, but I thought we can assume this idea.
I thought supervision
E...I was not sure Trampoline enthusiast's idea about "mandatory" supervision. So unlike D I thought we should not assume this idea...
So I guess my question is when we can assume what implicit idea included in their explicit words...
 Claire Horan
PowerScore Staff
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#30226
The correct answer will be the answer choice for which one person agrees with the statement and the other person disagrees. Find in the passage where a person states the same, or the opposite, opinion.

(A) trampolines cause injuries to a significant number of people using them (Physician and Enthusiast agree)
(B) home trampolines are the main source of trampoline-related injuries (Neither says this, so we don't know whether they would agree or not)
(C) the rate of trampoline-related injuries, in terms of the number of injuries per trampoline user, is declining (The Physician's comment do not address whether there is a trend in the rate of trampoline-related injuries, so we don't know.)
(D) professional supervision of trampoline use tends to reduce the number of trampoline-related injuries (The Enthusiast says that the risk would be greater than zero even with professional supervision, but doesn't say whether the risk would be reduced. We don't know if they would agree or disagree on this.)
(E) trampoline use is an activity that warrants mandatory professional supervision (This is where the Physician and the Enthusiast disagree. The Physician says that the number of trampoline-related injuries "suggests that trampolines are quite dangerous and should therefore be used only under professional supervision." The Enthusiast quibbles with the classification as "quite dangerous," asserting that injury rates have declined. The Enthusiast is thereby questioning the Physician's intermediate conclusion. The Enthusiast continues, arguing that exercise activities always have risks even with supervision. The only purpose the Enthusiast could have for saying this would be to imply that professional supervision shouldn't be required for trampolining.

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