- PowerScore Staff
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- Joined: Feb 02, 2011
Flaw in the Reasoning. The correct answer choice is (A)
This editorialist discusses the issue of unauthorized music-sharing services, and the complaint
among musicians that such services steal royalties from the musicians who create the songs. Based
on the fact that many other parties (record companies, music publishers, managers, etc.) take an
unfair cut of the revenues from music sales, however, the editorialist asserts that music-sharing
services are not to blame. The questionable argument can be broken down as follow:
Premise: Musicians claim that unauthorized music-sharing services take their
Counter-premise: However, record companies, publishers, managers, and others take more
than their fair share of revenues.
Conclusion: Thus, unauthorized music-sharing services are not to blame.
The problem with this argument is that the author responds to one accusation by simply shifting
the blame. The fact that many other parties take unfair portions of music revenue does not absolve
music-sharing services of all blame. Since the question stem asks for the flaw in the author's
reasoning, the right answer choice should reference this logical flaw.
Answer choice (A): This is the correct answer choice. As discussed, the author concludes that
music-sharing services are not at fault simply because there are several other parties that also take
inequitable shares of music revenue.
Answer choice (B): The author defends the actions of music-sharing companies, but doesn't go so far
as to promote a particular type of behavior, so this choice should be ruled out of contention.
Answer choice (C): This answer choice describes an ad hominem attack on the character of a person,
but since there is no such attack in the stimulus, this choice cannot be the right answer to this Flaw
Answer choice (D): The author does not point to any undesirable consequence of thinking that
music-sharing services rob musicians of royalties; this is not how the author tries to show that the
position is false, so this choice cannot be correct.
Answer choice (E): This choice describes the conditional reasoning flaw of confusing a necessary
condition for a sufficient condition, but as discussed, this is not the logical flaw that is reflected in
the author's argument.