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 Paul Marsh
PowerScore Staff
  • PowerScore Staff
  • Posts: 290
  • Joined: Oct 15, 2019
Hey catatom! You said:
so we can't say that false memories are an inevitable result of recalling events under hypnosis
That's exactly right! (C) is way too strong. It says that anyone who recalls events under hypnosis will inevitably result in false memories. But we don't know that that's true of everyone from our stimulus; it's possible that it's only true of the second group. We don't have enough explicit support for the idea that everyone under hypnosis has false memories. So (C) doesn't have much support from our stimulus.

As a general rule, we want to be extremely wary of strongly worded answer choices on Must be True questions.

Hope that helps!
  • Posts: 99
  • Joined: May 21, 2019
I was really bogged down by the stimulus. The author introduces this experimental study to "help illuminate" the supposed (positive) connection between hypnosis, but it sounds to me that the data suggest it actually disproves such connection.

Also, the goal of the experimental study is to prove, or as it turns out to disprove, the supposed connection between hypnosis and increased power of recall, but both groups of subjects were hypnotized. Wouldn't that be a design flaw to begin with? An instructor mentioned "control group," but apparently "hypnosis" is not the factor the experiment attempts to control.

In addition, the data concern "confidence and detailedness of recollection," as opposed to "accuracy." So I don't think the author's presentation of the experiment touches upon "power of recall" at all.

Furthermore, the fact that the subjects in the second group were equally confident and detailed in their movie recollections, though they had not seen a film, as the first group in their music recollections, is grounds for false recollection, which seems to indicate that hypnosis does not increase power of recall, if not decrease it due to the false recollections.

Lastly, is the reason why (A) is incorrect is the difference between "some" and "many"? The fact that the subjects in the second group recalled a film that they did not see while under hypnosis supports the claim that the supposed connection between hypnosis and increased power of recall is overstated, but that finding, which qualifies for "some," would not qualify for "many," which is plural, requiring at least "two"? Thanks!

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