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Complete Question Explanation

Question #7: Must Be True, Principle. The correct answer choice is (D)

The stimulus contains a principle, according to which the most advanced kind of moral motivation is based on abstract principles, and not on self-interest or the desire to "fit in." The stem asks us to identify an individual who exhibits this sort of advanced moral motivation, so we're looking for an example whereby someone is motivated not by self-interest but rather by abstract principles only.

Answer choice (A) is incorrect, because Bobby's actions are motivated by a desire to adhere to societal norms and conventions, which is explicitly ruled out as an advanced moral motivation.

Answer choice (B) is incorrect, because Wes's actions are motivated by self-interest, which is also ruled out as an advanced moral motivation.

Answer choice (C) is incorrect, because Donna's actions are also motivated by self-interest: fear of retaliation.

Answer choice (D) is the correct answer choice, because Jadine's actions are based on an abstract principle: she reported the practice out of a belief that protecting the environment is always more important than monetary profit. Self-interest plays no role here.

Answer choice (E) is incorrect, because Leigh's actions are motivated by a desire to adhere to societal norms and conventions.

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