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Complete Question Explanation

The correct answer choice is (B).

Answer choice (A):

Answer choice (B): This is the correct answer choice.

Answer choice (C):

Answer choice (D):

Answer choice (E):

This explanation is still in progress. Please post any questions below!
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Hi Team,

I am trying to wrap my head around answer B. "If a speaker possesses a concept for which the speaker's language lacks an expression, then that suggests that the concept was not created by language."

Is this referring to the Brazilian peoples' lack of exact numerical valuation when stating a particular number, and because of the lack of expression for stating exact numbers, the concept was not created by language itself...but rather...something else? I'm trying to figure out what that "something else" would be. As well as how this was a principle stated in Passage B and not A.

Thanks in advance!
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PowerScore Staff
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Hi mandrewg!

The support for answer choice (B) comes from this sentence: "In showing that subjects with no verbal counting system have a concept of approximate numerical magnitude comparable to that of numerate subjects, these reports support a non-Whorfian, language-independent view of the origins of our concept of number."

The Pirahã and Mundurukú do not have a verbal counting system yet they have some concept of numeracy. The author says that supports a language-independent view of the origins of our concept of number. Thus, since they have a numerical concept but do not have words to express those concepts, that suggests that the concept of number was not created by language. The author doesn't state the "something else" that would have created the concept so we don't need the answer choice to specify that. The author just says that it would not be language, which matches the answer choice.

Passage A makes no mention of concepts that groups or cultures may have independently of language to express those concepts. Thus, the principle in answer choice (B) is not underlying the argument in passage A.

Hope this helps!


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