- Thu Jul 23, 2020 11:41 am
Happy to address why answer choice (E) is incorrect.
First, this is a main point type of question. Second, answer (E) states, "There is substantial evidence to indicate that the testimony of accomplice witnesses and jailhouse informants is heavily influenced by incentives offered by the prosecution." By contrast, compare this with the correct answer, choice (B): "Numerous considerations suggest that the courts' reliance on the testimony of accomplice witnesses and jailhouse informants may result in convictions based on false testimony."
On the one hand, the claim from (E) is true based on the passage. There are plenty of specific parts of the passage that one could go to that would support that the statement from (E) is true. What is more, it doesn't necessarily appear too specific and rather is making a more general claim about the passage as a whole. This reasonably leaves the answer choice as as contender for a main point question.
On the other, however, answer choice (B) provides a bit more clarity on the author's intent or purpose in writing the passage. For an example of the author's viewpoint, note the language at lines 25-26: "However, these safeguards do not always provide protection." The author was describing some safeguards used to address a problem, but then additionally reveals a view that is critical of those safeguards. The passage goes on to explain why they are problematic. Since we can glean the author's viewpoint in this way, answer choice (E) seems too neutral in referring to testimony that "is heavily influenced by incentives"--this doesn't specify the how, or whether the influence is good or bad, but rather only generally refers to influence. Answer choice (B), however, does get to this greater specificity--the influence is particularly that it can lead to greater convictions based on false testimony, which the author finds problematic. Both these answers thus broadly cover the material in the passage, but answer (B) does better than (E) at also incorporating the author's viewpoint and purpose in writing the passage.