- Fri Sep 15, 2017 4:43 pm
I see a couple of questions on this one, so I will attempt to address them all at once.
There is a tricky sleight of hand going on in this stimulus. Notice that the left and the right are both criticizing the legislation for being either too vague or too specific. The author counters this by saying a statement cannot be both too specific and too vague. The problem is, while that may be true of an individual statement, legislation is made up, presumably, of multiple statements. So even though statements cannot be both too vague and too specific, legislation might be made up of both overly specific and overly vague statements. So, legislation theoretically could be criticized for being both.
Since this possibility is a potential problem for the argument, the author must assume that the problem doesn't exist. This would be a Defender Assumption, assuming a weakness doesn't exist. Notice the "not' in answer choice (E) that eliminates this possibility.
Also, answer choice (E) is very easy to apply the Assumption Negation technique. Simply remove the "not" from that answer and you have logically negated it. And that negated statement is exactly the weakness we spoke of above.
Answer choice (D) is really more or less a Shell Game answer. The intent of the framers is really not relevant to this argument at all. Regardless of what they meant to do with the legislation, it could still be too vague, too specific, both, or neither. Also, regardless of who they intended to please, that doesn't mean they would actually succeed in pleasing that group. So, they didn't need to frame this to please both sides. In other words, even if they did intend to please one side or the other, the logic in the stimulus still could support the conclusion that the legislation is framed as it should be.
This means, if you negate answer choice (D), it would not have a negative effect on the argument. Since taking (D) away does not hurt the argument, answer choice (D) was not required by the argument, and cannot be an Assumption.
Definitely a tricky question however. Hope this clarifies things a bit!
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