- Mon Mar 15, 2021 9:29 pm
With main purpose questions, we're looking for an answer choice that is basically just a more abstract version of the main point. Main point is always closely aligned with the author's viewpoint and also takes into account passage structure. The main point of this passage is summed up pretty well in the first paragraph: "But while there are some cases for which specific performance can be a better alternative than monetary damages, there are many instances in which it is clearly not a suitable remedy." This is the author's viewpoint and sets-up a specific argument that the author is making. The subsequent paragraphs then support the author's argument by explaining why specific performance works well for some cases (paragraph 2) and why monetary damages works better for other cases (paragraph 3).
Answer choices (C) and (E) are very similar and when we have two similar answer choices like this we want to be able to really zero in on the differences between them.
Answer choice (C) states: "explain the differences among a group of interrelated legal procedures." There are a couple of things that stand out here. First, it refers to a "group" and really we only have two options that are discussed. Is that enough to eliminate it? Maybe not. It's possible to have a group of two. But it's already setting it apart from answer choice (E) which clearly specifies "two." Second, answer choice (C) calls them "legal procedures." But "specific performance" and "monetary damages" are not exactly "procedures" (a.k.a., steps for doing something). They're two possible ways of dealing with breach of contract disputes. Answer choice (E) describes this better by referring to them as "legal remedies," which matches how they are referred to in the first paragraph. Finally, answer choice (E) better addresses the argument the author is making. The author is not just contrasting specific performance and monetary damages. He's explaining why specific performance works better for some contract disputes and why monetary damages works better for others. In this way, he is identifying criteria for how these remedies should be applied. He's specifically telling us that specific performance should be applied in these types of situations, but monetary damage should be applied in these types of situations. Thus, even though at first it seems as though (C) and (E) are similar answer choices, the differences between them show that answer choice (E) is the superior answer for describing the purpose of the passage.
Hope this helps!