- Mon Aug 27, 2018 6:55 pm
Answer choice (C) is correct because it accurately sums up the heart of the disagreement between colonial and English political thought, according to the passage: that while they shared many institutions, language, etc., their understanding of what those things meant diverged dramatically over time. (C) explicitly acknowledges the structural similarities mentioned in the passage, while also recognizing the different interpretations of those structures the two groups had.
As to your second point, there are two things to be said about the conflict that the passage addresses. First, the LSAT is a US and Canadian test that assumes a certain knowledge of US history, including the general scope of colonial and revolutionary war history described in this passage. As the divergences explained in the passage occurred in the period leading up to the revolutionary war, we can infer that they were a cause of conflict. The last sentence sums up this background, which sets up the political issues that would emerge into open warfare in 1776. When combined, the second and third paragraphs make clear that the two sides were definitely in conflict: the English side had an unwritten constitution governed by an omnipotent Parliament, while the colonial side governed themselves via written constitutions, and wanted a constitution for the entire country they were living in.
Hope this clears things up!