Complete Question Explanation
Assumption-CE. The correct answer choice is (D)
Oscar suggests that a country’s economic well-being will no longer be a function of its geographical position, but rather a function of its relative success in incorporating the emerging information technologies. Sylvia argues that the emerging information technologies will widen the existing economic gap between north and south since the poor countries of the south lack the economic resources to acquire the technologies.
Answer choice (A): Sylvia does not assume that the north’s prosperity depends on the natural resources of the south. She merely states that the information technologies will widen the economic gap since the south lacks the economic resources to acquire them.
Answer choice (B): Sylvia’s argument does not depend on whether or not the emergence of new information technologies will result in a significant net increase in global wealth. The new technologies could result in a significant net increase in global wealth, but that still does not affect Sylvia’s argument that they will also widen the existing economic gap.
Answer choice (C): Sylvia’s argument does not depend on the existence of other technologies which could help narrow the economic gap. She merely argues that the emerging information technologies, at least, will widen this gap.
Answer choice (D): This is the correct answer choice. Using the assumption negation technique, suppose none of the rich countries of the north will be effective in incorporating the new information technologies, then there is no reason why these new technologies will widen the existing gap, even if the south cannot afford these technologies. The existing gap could remain, but it will not widen if the north cannot make use of them.
Answer choice (E): Sylvia’s reasoning does not assume that the speed at which information processing takes place will increase indefinitely. Even if information processing begins taking place at a decreasing speed, information technologies will still widen the economic gap between the north and south if these technologies are useful to the north and unaffordable to the south.