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#21 - Labor representative: Social historians have shown

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Complete Question Explanation

Resolve the Paradox—SN. The correct answer choice is (D)

The labor representative in this stimulus discusses the fact that when workers strike in response to poor conditions, those conditions usually improve within a five year period. Despite this known fact, workers in this industry refuse to strike.

The stimulus is followed by a Resolve question, so the correct answer choice will explain why they don’t strike regardless of their future prospects—why a five-year horizon on improvements does not entice the workers to strike.

Answer choice (A): This old belief would not effect the workers discussed in this stimulus, since the labor representative specifies that they workers are aware of the fact that improvements usually come in five years.

Answer choice (B): A change in ownership does not change the fact that the workers still might expect to see improvements within five years. This would not explain why they would refuse to strike regardless of future prospects for improvement, so this answer choice is incorrect.

Answer choice (C): The fact that conditions could be worse (as in other industries) does not explain why the workers refuse to strike even though doing so would bring improvements in five years.

Answer choice (D): This is the correct answer choice. If workers only stay in this industry for an average of three years, then the prospect of improvements five years in the future would not be likely to induce a strike.

Answer choice (E): Increased wages are good, but this does not change poor working conditions. The question is why they put up with poor conditions and still refuse to strike, even though striking would likely bring change five years down the line.