to the top

#20 - The rise in the prosperity of England subsequent to

Administrator
PowerScore Staff
PowerScore Staff
 
Posts: 6774
Joined: Wed Feb 02, 2011 4:19 pm
Points: 3,447

Complete Question Explanation

Parallel Reasoning—CE. The correct answer choice is (D)

The argument here is simple (although questionable): since the improvement of economic conditions didn’t come until free trade, the rise in prosperity can be attributed to free trade.

The question stem requires that we find the answer choice which most closely parallels this argument. The correct answer choice will base a causal conclusion on the fact that one occurrence was subsequent to another.

Only correct answer choice (D) provides an accurate parallel: the author of this choice presumes that, because improvements only took place after the new program, those improvements can be attributed to the new program.
Isaiah4110
LSAT Apprentice
 
Posts: 6
Joined: Sun Jun 04, 2017 12:10 pm
Points: 6

Can you please explain why E is wrong? Is it because the answer choice says "their extinction could not have come before the collision"? If the answer choice were to say something more absolute like "extinction only happened after an asteriod collided with earth", then would that make E correct? Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thank you!
Jennifer Janowsky
PowerScore Staff
PowerScore Staff
 
Posts: 91
Joined: Sun Aug 20, 2017 11:58 pm
Points: 91

Isaiah4110 wrote:Can you please explain why E is wrong? Is it because the answer choice says "their extinction could not have come before the collision"? If the answer choice were to say something more absolute like "extinction only happened after an asteriod collided with earth", then would that make E correct? Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thank you!



Yes!

Answer (E) says that collision caused extinction, and therefore extinction could not have come before collision. The reason this answer is wrong is because it doesn't follow the same pattern as the stimulus. Where in the stimulus they supported a cause/effect relationship based off of the sequence of two events, in answer choice (E) they weaken the likelihood of a sequence of two events based on a cause/effect relationship.

Therefore, as you correctly said, answer (E) may be right if it were worded something like "The extinction of the dinosaurs was brought about by an asteroid colliding with Earth, because their extinction only happened after an asteroid collided with earth."

Good question!