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#14 - Economist: A country’s trade deficit may indicate

mpoulson
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Hello,

Can you explain why C is better than B? I thought the analogy about the glass of cold water was the "demonstration of an analogy explicitly used to establish a certain conclusion is faulty" I thought the faulty conclusion was that "trade deficits do not weaken the economy". Please explain in simple terms why this is wrong and why C is right?

Resectfully,

Micah
Emily Haney-Caron
PowerScore Staff
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Hi Micah,

Here, the analogy about the cold water is not used to establish the conclusion being argued against; rather, it is a (non-faulty) analogy that demonstrates why the course of action of restricting imports is futile. The argument here is against something implied, rather stated directly: that it is a bad idea to restrict imports to try to reduce a trade deficit.
mpoulson
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Can you guide me a little further on this one? So the conclusion is not stated in the text? I thought the economist's argument was the conclusion? That restricting imports to reduce a trade deficit should not be the course of action taken to improve the economy. I thought this was the conclusion and main argument. Additionally, what specifically is wrong with C? Is the word "futility" too strong? I didn't think it was since the analogy was quite strong.
BethRibet
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Hi Micah,

Thanks for asking.

In answer choice C the course of action the author is referencing would be restricting imports with the goal of reducing a trade deficit. The author then uses the analogy about the thermometer to argue that this course of action would be a foolish thing to do, and this is all that C indicates.

Answer choice B is saying that the author argues that the analogy itself is a bad one, as if the author said, "hey, my analogy is stupid and doesn't work." The author just uses the analogy, and certainly doesn't attack or critique it, so B is not at all accurate.

Hope this clarifies.

Beth
mpoulson
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I understand now. Thank you.