Parallel Reasoning-SN. The correct answer choice is (B)
This stimulus is easier to understand if you pay attention to the formal logic content:
- Rhonda goes to movie Paul goes to concert
Paul goes to concert Ted goes to concert
Ted refuses to go to the concert
- Ted goes to the concert Rhonda goes to the movie
The reasoning is logically valid, and involves the contrapositive of the additive inference.
Answer choice (A): This answer choice does not link the first element to the last, so is dissimilar. Furthermore, this choice involves a Mistaken Reversal of the premise:
- Janice visits Janice finds baby-sitter
so this choice is logically flawed, and incorrect.
Answer choice (B): This is the correct answer choice. It can be diagrammed as:
- Gary does laundry Peter has to work Cathy is ill
Cathy is ill Gary does laundry
This illustrates that this response involves a correct additive inverse and uses the contrapositive, just as was done in the stimulus.
Answer choice (C): Since the first premise contains two sufficient conditions, this response fails the Premise Test, and is incorrect. You should immediately eliminate this choice.
Answer choice (D): Since the first premise contains a choice of necessary elements, and the stimulus did not, this response fails the Premise Test. Eliminate this choice immediately.
Answer choice (E): This response does not link the first and last elements. Also, this answer choice contains a Mistaken Reversal of
- Mark goes to the museum Postponed appointments
so this choice contains fallacious reasoning, and is incorrect.