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#20 - Magazine article: Sugar consumption may exacerbate

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Complete Question Explanation

Assumption-CE. The correct answer choice is (D)

The conclusion of this article is presented in the first sentence: sugar consumption may worsen ADD in children. This is based on a single premise: sugar can increase adrenaline production, especially when the sugar is in candy:

    Premise: sugar can cause adrenaline increase: ..... Sugar .......... adrenaline

    Conclusion: sugar can worsen ADD: ..... Sugar .......... ADD worse

The supporter assumption we seek in response to this question must link the two rogue elements: adrenaline increase and ADD exacerbation.

Answer choice (A): since the stimulus does not deal with children without ADD, this answer choice deals with a completely different population and is thus irrelevant.

Answer choice (B): The stimulus is not about causing ADD, it's about causing exacerbation of ADD, so this answer choice is incorrect.

Answer choice (C): The author does not delve into the treatment of ADD, instead focusing on ADD exacerbation caused by sugar.

Answer choice (D): This is the correct answer choice, providing the exact supporter assumption necessary to link the rogue elements: Increased adrenaline can exacerbate ADD in children.

Answer choice (E): The point of the reference to candy is that it worsens the effects of sugar, not that other types of sugar have no significant effect on adrenaline levels.
adlindsey
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I don't know why adrenaline is a required assumption for ADD. What does it have to do with ADD? I know sugar causes adrenaline, and sugar may exacerbate ADD. I'm not a bio major, so I wouldn't know if there is a relation with adrenaline and ADD. I just don't see how there's a missing link in the setup: P- S :arrow: A; C- S :arrow: ADD worsen.

I could see a missing link if it were: S :arrow: A; A :arrow: ADD worsen.
David Boyle
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adlindsey wrote:I don't know why adrenaline is a required assumption for ADD. What does it have to do with ADD? I know sugar causes adrenaline, and sugar may exacerbate ADD. I'm not a bio major, so I wouldn't know if there is a relation with adrenaline and ADD. I just don't see how there's a missing link in the setup: P- S :arrow: A; C- S :arrow: ADD worsen.

I could see a missing link if it were: S :arrow: A; A :arrow: ADD worsen.



Hello alindsey,

It's a supporter assumption, which is something like a valid Justify question answer. You want to link adrenaline with ADD, otherwise there's no reason to assume that "Sugar consumption may exacerbate attention deficit disorder (ADD) in children." So answer D does the trick.

Hope this helps,
David
andriana.caban
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I understand why choice D is correct, however, can you provide the negation technique used for assumption questions for question choice D? I think I confused myself and did the negation wrong:

D: Decreased adrenaline production can make ADD less severe in children? I thought this didn't kill the argument and eliminated the answer choice?
AthenaDalton
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Andriana,

Applying the assumption negation technique to answer choice (D) would result in the following:

(D) Increased adrenaline production cannot make ADD more severe in children

You could also think of this as "increase adrenaline production has no effect on the severity of ADD in children."

In either case, if we conclude that there is no link between adrenaline and ADD in kids, then it wouldn't make much sense to criticize sugar consumption in making ADD worse.

The argument in the magazine article goes as follows:

Sugar consumption :arrow: Increase in adrenaline :arrow: Increase in severity of ADD in kids

If we negate answer choice (D), it breaks the link between adrenaline and ADD. This confirms that (D) is correct.

Best of luck studying!

Athena Dalton