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#19 - Raphaela: Forcing people to help others is morally

pacer
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I am having trouble with interpretation of the answer choices for this question.

I was able to understand the stimulus and prephrased that the two speakers are in disagreement about whether governments have the right to distribute resources.

But when it came to the answer choices,

I eliminated A, B and E because only speaker 2 talks about emigration and we do not know for sure about speaker 1's point of view if emigration is allowed.

and choice D is more in line with speaker 1 only.

Can you go over this question? Also, Can you give some pointers on such a question (especially going from the prephrased answer to the choices)?

Thanks,

Pacer
David Boyle
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pacer wrote:I am having trouble with interpretation of the answer choices for this question.

I was able to understand the stimulus and prephrased that the two speakers are in disagreement about whether governments have the right to distribute resources.

But when it came to the answer choices,

I eliminated A, B and E because only speaker 2 talks about emigration and we do not know for sure about speaker 1's point of view if emigration is allowed.

and choice D is more in line with speaker 1 only.

Can you go over this question? Also, Can you give some pointers on such a question (especially going from the prephrased answer to the choices)?

Thanks,

Pacer


Hello Pacer,

While Raphaela does not mention "emigration" per se, she deals with it implicitly, in that she says, "Therefore, no government has the right to redistribute resources via taxation." That covers all circumstances whatsoever, which naturally includes the emigration issue, even if emigration is not explicitly named.
So, she and Edward do disagree on emigration being used as a reason to allow redistribution/taxation.

As for prephrasing in general, that is a broad topic. However, the example I just gave above, may be of some help. That is, that even if something is not covered explicitly (like emigration), it may be covered implicitly anyway. So, a broad prephrase can help.

Hope this helps,
David
nutcracker
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Hello,

I hesitated between (B) and (D) and ended up picking the wrong (D). I feel that the statement in (D) is something with which Raphaela would agree and Edward would disagree. In my understanding, Edward means that governments that give people the freedom to leave are not forcing people to help others when they redistribute resources via taxation. Am I assuming too much? I would appreciate an explanation. Thanks!
Shannon Parker
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nutcracker wrote:Hello,

I hesitated between (B) and (D) and ended up picking the wrong (D). I feel that the statement in (D) is something with which Raphaela would agree and Edward would disagree. In my understanding, Edward means that governments that give people the freedom to leave are not forcing people to help others when they redistribute resources via taxation. Am I assuming too much? I would appreciate an explanation. Thanks!


Hello,

I can see why it is a little confusing. The point is that Raphaela and Edward disagree on whether or not Countries should be allowed to redistribute resources. We do not actually know either of their positions on emigration. Answer choice "B" is that "any government that permits emigration has the right to redistribute resources via taxation." We already know that Raphaela does not believe this "no government has the right," and Edward does "insofar as they give people the freedom to leave."

Therefore answer choice "B" is the correct answer.

Hope this clears it up.