Is the reason why answer choice C is not weakening the argument is because it is not attacking the conclusion, which relates to the legislation?
#7 - In 1955, legislation in a certain country gave the
Answer C does mention the legislation, but, perhaps among other things, mentions injuries in general, not serious injuries as the stimulus mentions.
I totally see why A is the answer for this lovely question. But just had a quick question with C. Could you please see my reasoning below and let know what you think ?
1- legislation gave gov increased control over industrial work place.
2- among high risk jobs the likelihood that a worker would injur has decreased.
C: legislation has increased the overall safety within high risked industries.
C) the annual number of work related injuries has increased since legislation took effect.
Okay, so I saw this as wrong for two reasons : first, that it's concerned with all kinds of safety , but we only care about the high risked industries. Second , I also felt this strengthened the argument a bit because the stimulus tells us that there has been a drop in percentage while this tells us that the numbers have gone up .
Am I crazy for seeing this ??
Thanks so much ,
Thanks for the question. You're on the right track. I think the biggest flaw in answer choice C touches on what appears to be your second point. That is, the answer choice is about quantity/numbers, and the stimulus is about likelihood/percentage. In other words, this answer choice appears to equate number with percentage, which as you likely know, is a classic flaw on the LSAT.
Hope this helps!
Could you explain why answer choice E is incorrect?? Since the answer choice is broader in scope than specifically high-risk industries, shouldn't it weaken the argument??
E doesn't weaken the argument because the legislation gave the government increased control over safety conditions even in non-high wish industries. Even with E, then, the legislation could be the cause of the generally improved conditions across industries.
Does that help?
Thanks for your reply! Are you saying that E raises the possibility that the legislation might give the government increased control only over non-high risk industries and not high-risk industries?
Welcome to the Forum!!
There is no reason to suspect that (A) weakens the argument. The argument is essentially causal: the author observes a decrease in likelihood of serious injury since 1955, which coincides with the introduction of the new legislation. From this, the author concludes that the new legislation was responsible for the increased worker safety:
New Legislation Increased safety
This may be so, but answer choice (A) presents an alternative cause: technological innovation! This is an alternative cause that could easily explain the increased worker safety, weakening the argument.
Answer choice (E), by contrast, has no relation to this causal argument. Maybe workplace safety conditions have improved across all industries - so what? This could be the result of the same legislation that the author believes improved worker safety in the high-risk industries. If anything, since the legislation does not appear to target high-risk industries in particular, answer choice (E) can easily be interpreted as strengthening the conclusion of the argument.
Hope this helps!
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I see how E would strengthen if the workplace safety conditions were improved by the legislation mentioned in the passage, but isn’t it also equally likely that some other legislation improved the working conditions across all industries? I thought E was talking about some other broad legislation and thought this answer choice would weaken because it weakens the strength of the legislation mentioned in the passage.
Thank you so much!!
Of course! We just don't know what was responsible for the observed effect. All answer choice (E) shows is that the observed effect is even more extensive than what the stimulus seems to suggest. This could be due to a host of reasons, none of which are presented in answer choice (E). It's entirely possible that, since the legislation's intended coverage wasn't limited to high-risk industries, the observed improvement across all industries resulted from that legislation. Of course, anything is possible - which is precisely why answer choice (E) is incorrect. Even if you don't see it as a Strengthen answer, it surely doesn't weaken the argument.
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