## #19 - Editorial: Medical schools spend one hour teaching

est15

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Hi, I'm not understanding why (D) is incorrect. I negated (D) and thought that hurt the argument because if improvements in doctors' use of techniques of curative medicine resulted in decreases of overall medical costs, that would make medicine more cost-effective anyway and thus medical schools won't need to spend more time teaching preventative medicine.
Ron Gore
PowerScore Staff

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Hi Est,

Remember that when you use the Assumption Negation Technique, you are taking the logical opposite of the answer choice, not the polar opposite. Your statement, that it would result in decreases, indicates that you took the polar opposite of "only increase overall medicinal costs." The logical opposite of that phrase would be "not only increase overall medicinal costs," which would include the possibility that they would stay the same.

Also, this answer choice doesn't really get to the point of the argument, which is about the benefit of preventative medicine and the benefit of teaching it. This answer choice addresses the wrong portion of the argument.

Please let me know if I can help further!

Ron
reop6780
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The correct answer is E while I chose A.

The conclusion is that when the goal is cost-effectiveness of medicine, medical schools spend insufficient time teaching preventive medicine.

I don't understand how "time required" to teach preventive medicine comes into playing in the answer.

Depending upon goals, "time required" for preventive medicine class can differ.

The conclusion is conditional: "if their goal is to make medicine more cost-effective..."

I don't see how the negated answer E weakens the conclusion either.

The time required can be less or same as what is spent now, and it does not seem to do anything for the conclusion from my understanding.
David Boyle
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reop6780 wrote:The correct answer is E while I chose A.

The conclusion is that when the goal is cost-effectiveness of medicine, medical schools spend insufficient time teaching preventive medicine.

I don't understand how "time required" to teach preventive medicine comes into playing in the answer.

Depending upon goals, "time required" for preventive medicine class can differ.

The conclusion is conditional: "if their goal is to make medicine more cost-effective..."

I don't see how the negated answer E weakens the conclusion either.

The time required can be less or same as what is spent now, and it does not seem to do anything for the conclusion from my understanding.

Hello,

The stimulus says, teach more preventative medicine.
But that assumes, as per answer E, that more prev. med. needs to be taught. Maybe they're teaching all they need to, even in the 1-10 ratio.
The negated version of answer E basically says that more prev. med. doesn't need to be taught, which destroys the argument.

David
srcline@noctrl.edu
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Hello, David

I am not understanding this question either. I was in between answer choices A and E. This is what I got for the negation of A and E.

Conclusion: If their goal is to make medicine more cost effective, medical schools spend insufficient time teaching preventive medicine.

A; Preventive medicine makes use of technologies that are not lower in initial cost than the technologies used within the practice if curative medicine.

E: The time required to teach preventive medicine throughly is not greater than one hour for every ten that are now spent teaching curative medicine.

Is A not correct because technologies is a new element not mentioned in the stimulus and therefore does not weaken the conclusion?

Thankyou
Sarah
Emily Haney-Caron
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Hi Sarah,

Here, the costs of the technologies is irrelevant - it has nothing to do with the stimulus. We KNOW using techniques of preventative medicine "cuts down medical costs greatly." How the cost of technology plays into that doesn't matter at all.

But what we don't know is how much time med students need to spend learning preventative medicine in order to see that decrease in cost. Maybe there is just a little bit to learn, and spending that one hour for every 10 is maybe sufficient, and spending additional time would not cut costs any extra. Or maybe, there is tons to learn, and spending much more time on preventative medicine would lead to even greater reductions in costs. We don't know. The assumption that is being made, therefore, is E - that more time is needed than is currently being spent (thus the conclusion that more time would make medicine more cost effective).

Hope that helps!