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#13 - Davis: The only relevant factor in determining

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Complete Question Explanation

Point at Issue. The correct answer choice is (D)

In any Point at Issue question, it is important to understand each viewpoint and how they differ from one
another. Davis’s viewpoint has several features. Davis suggests that it is appropriate to compensate the
victims of property damage, and that the value of the damage or loss is the only factor that should be
considered in determining compensation. Higuchi disagrees with Davis’s conclusion but does not dispute
any of Davis’s premises: both individuals agree that the amount of damage or loss should be considered,
while Higuchi also believes that the amount of time involved in recovering the use of personal property
should be considered. Answer choice (D) is the only answer choice which correctly characterizes this
key distinction between Davis’s and Higuchi’s arguments.

Answer choice (A): Davis believes that only the value of the lost property is relevant to determining
compensation while Higuchi believes that the lost value and time are both relevant. However, neither
specifically discusses how consistently or reliably these factors can be applied. Thus it is impossible to
know how either Davis or Higuchi would respond to answer choice (A).

Answer choice (B): Davis certainly agrees with this statement – it is the premise of his argument. For
this answer choice to be correct, it must then be shown that Higuchi disagrees with it according to the
Agree/Disagree Test. However, it is quite probable that Higuchi also agrees with this statement since
Higuchi does not openly refute any of Davis’s premises. Therefore, answer choice (B) cannot be correct.

Answer choice (C): This answer choice, like answer choice (B), is a premise of Davis’s argument
and, therefore, Davis must agree with it. Higuchi also believes that victims are owed compensation
in proportion to the harm they have suffered. Although Davis and Higuchi would disagree about the
appropriate method for determining how much harm the victims have suffered, both would agree that
amount of harm should determine the amount of compensation.

Answer choice (D): This is the correct answer choice. Higuchi argues that the amount of time a
victim is deprived of the use of their property should be one of the factors in determining the amount
of compensation, and thus compensation is not strictly based upon the value of the property (some
victims are entitled to greater compensation if they are deprived of the use of their property for a longer
period of time). Davis argues that monetary loss or damage is the only relevant factor (and thus the time
involved is not a factor). Since Higuchi would agree with the statement in answer choice (D) and Davis
would not, answer choice (D) is the correct answer choice.

Answer choice (E): This is the most commonly chosen incorrect answer choice. The amount of
monetary loss and the amount of time property is missing can vary infinitely from case to case. Since
Davis and Higuchi argue that these variable factors should determine the amount of compensation, both
would agree that the compensation owed to victims should be determined on a case-by-case basis rather
than by some general rule. Like answer choice (C), this statement cannot be the point of disagreement if
both speakers agree with it.
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For this question, I know that we are looking at a point at issue question type.

Davis is saying that when determining harm incurred on a victim, the harm is directly proportional to the pertinent value of the lost/damaged property. I determined that Higuchi is stating that not only is harm proportional to the value of the property, but he feels that we also have to keep in mind that the length of time that a victim has been without their property should also be factored into determining the harm that a victim experiences. So, essentially Higuchi is saying that value of property + length of time without property determines the amount of harm to the victim.

I chose answer C. Is C incorrect because Higuchi agrees with this statement but also believes that other considerations (the length of time a victim is without their property) should also be acknowledged when determining the harm incurred to a victim? So, basically this answer would not pass the agree/disagree test because both Davis and Higuchi would agree to this statement.

Is D correct because Higuchi would agree to this statement? Davis on the other hand would respond "No, I believe that only the value of the property lost determines how much or little harm that a patient undergoes. So, Higuchi would agree and Davis would disagree with this statement.
Steve Stein
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Hi Smile,

You got it! The issue with that answer choice is that both speakers would agree, so it cannot be the right answer to this Point at Issue question.

Nice work!

Steve Stein
PowerScore Test Preparation
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Thank you for your reply!