I somehow got this question correct without diagramming but by process of elimination. I first narrowed the contenders down to A and D. Then, I noticed that "only" was too strong and chose A instead.
I do understand the diagramming above, i.e. T AB and then from that follows AB B. Thus, answer choice A makes sense to me.
However, I have two questions: First, is it okay to continue doing these questions without diagramming, or is it necessary for me to do in order to get these questions right?
Secondly, why is answer choice D a Mistaken Reversal? Isn't the "only" indicator attached to "best artworks" aka among the best? The way the sentence reads, I see Beautiful Among the best.
Thank you for your help!
#16 - There is a difference between beauty and truth. After
If you are getting comfortable without diagramming and still able to correctly answer the questions, then absolutely stop. If you find yourself getting lost in a complicated stimulus, then go back to diagramming, but not diagramming will obviously improve your speed.
As to your second question, Answer Option (D) is a Mistaken Reversal. Remember the contrapositive we were looking for to close that gap?
Well, in this case "only" is referring to both AB and B. Thus the correct diagramming mimics Answer (A) and becomes:
Thanks for the great question!
I don't understand how "Only the best artworks are beautiful" is diagrammed as "best artwork Beautiful"
Shouldn't it be "Beautiful best artwork" which is what we're looking for?
I thought this was a general rule for conditional statements that say "Only X is Y" to diagram it as "Y X" . For example, if you were to say "Only girls are in the play", that would be diagrammed as "In the play girl" meaning if you're in the play, you MUST be a girl. It would definitely be incorrect to reverse it as "girl in play" since being a girl does NOT automatically mean you are in the play.
Great catch! You're absolutely right! "Only" (as used here) does introduce the necessary condition. Thus, (D) is correctly symbolized as:
Your excellent observation has prompted me to make some needed revisions to the Administrator explanation:
Please revisit this explanation and follow up with further questions if necessary. Thanks!
I'm following the explanation until it says this: If we were to know that the most beautiful art is the best art or that the best art is the most beautiful, then the fact that some of the most truthful art is not the best art would be sufficient to establish that beauty and truth cannot be synonymous.
Can anyone please help me to get over the hump? I'm not making the connection here.
The stimulus is trying to prove to us that beauty doesn't equal truth. It does so by using conditionals:
MR MT/MB Best
but also tells us that
MR MT Best
doesn't work. What does that leave us with?
Because if MB = MT, then whichever you had would lead to having the best art. But since we know it doesn't necessarily work if it all we have is MR MT, then MT and MB cannot be the same thing (or play the same role in our conditional reasoning).
Hope this clears things up!
It does! A night's break and focusing on the author's objective of trying to prove that they're not synonymous helped me a lot. Thanks!
Would it be fair to consider this question as one of honorable mentions of the hardest LR Qs of all time but not quite difficult as original 15 Qs Hardest LR of all time
Different questions are hard for different people, and therefore it's hard to make a definitive ranking of LSAT questions by difficulty. Suffice to say this is a very tough question, especially to diagram.
Answer choice (D): This is the strongest decoy answer, but it actually fails to make the correct connection. This answer choice posits that if art is beautiful, it is among the best art. If it's not the best art, it's not beautiful. Remember that we are looking for an assumption required by the argument. Is it truly necessary for all beautiful art to be the best art? Let's use the Assumption Negation Test™: What if some beautiful art were not the best, could it still be possible, given the other premises, for truth and beauty to be different from each other? Yes, perhaps some beautiful art is not the best art, but the most beautiful art actually is the best; in that case, it could still be possible to show that the most beautiful is not the most truthful, and therefore beauty and truth could still be different. Thus, this answer choice fails the Assumption Negation Test™.
I don't think the Assumption Negation Test of (A) upends the conclusion. Once negated, it would say "The most beautiful artworks are NOT the best artworks." Then some beautiful artworks, though not the most beautiful, can be considered as the best artworks. That is, an artwork of average beauty may be the best artworks. From this, wouldn't we be able to argue that there is difference between beauty and truth? For there are occasions under which the best artworks are of average beauty while not being the most truthful. Then the author's conclusion still stands, even when (A) has been negated. Just like answer (D). What am I missing here?