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#19 - Global Reference, Must Be True, Author's Perspective

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hlee18
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Hello,

I'm trying to understand why A or D is wrong for this problem.

Thanks!
Thanks!
James Finch
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Hi H. Lee,

With comparative passages, it's imperative to note which aspects are present in both, which are present in one but not the other, and which are present but directly opposite. This particular question is asking for a principle present in passage A but not in B, which I would Prephrase as "Passage A argues that actions are largely determined by brain patterns, thus out of individuals' control, so the concept of blameworthiness shouldn't be used within the legal system," giving a principle of "free will is probably a myth, so the idea of assigning blame/culpability is outmoded; we should think instead about future risk of bad behavior." We then must choose the answer choice that conforms to that principle.

Answer choice (A) is suspect on two grounds: first, it deals with parents and children, not the legal system. More importantly, and what makes it incorrect, is that it deals with punishment/response to bad behavior, not assigning blame itself. This means that it is possible that (A) could conform perfectly with passage A's message, if, for example, shaming children was shown to alter brain chemistry and lead to fewer socially unacceptable actions in the future.

(D) fails immediately, as passage A regards brain science highly and utilizes recent findings as evidence for their argument.

Contrast this to (E), which deals with the legal system and directly with the point that passage A makes about being forward -looking rather than assigning blame.

Hope this clears things up!
hlee18
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Hi James,

Yes, it does. Thanks!
Thanks!