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#5- Lawyer: In a risky surgical procedure that is performed

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lathlee
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This Supporter Strengthen Answer type seeking Question,

conclusion: functions do not resume following the procedure ----> the medical team is technically guilty of manslaughter.

Rest of KEY premises: 1. doctors deliberately stop the patient's life functions
2. when the procedure is completed, body's temperature is quickly restored.

I don't see how correct answer choice D) deliberately bringing cessation of person life function :dbl: cessation is permanent,
does a job of filling in the weakness link.
Adam Tyson
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"The cessation is permanent" means the same thing as "life functions do not return". In other words, the person is dead. So, if you deliberately stop the life functions and the patient dies, then you are guilty of manslaughter - that is what we need to strengthen.

Answer D gives us that: if you deliberately stop life functions, and the patient dies, then you are guilty of manslaughter. It also gives us more than we needed (if you are guilty of manslaughter, then you deliberately stopped their life functions and they died), but that's okay, because we weren't asked what was necessary to strengthen the argument, only what would strengthen it.

Look for an answer that makes "guilty of manslaughter" necessary and makes "deliberately stop the life functions" and "functions do not return" sufficient, and you'll have made the link you needed to make.
Adam M. Tyson
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Rosaline
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Is answer choice A wrong because it only says that the doctor "could be" charged?
James Finch
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Hi Rosaline,

(A) is a bit tricky because it's looking to see if test takers have any knowledge of the US criminal justice system. Charging a defendant is merely the first step to obtaining a conviction/guilty verdict, and certainly doesn't mean that a person is guilty. In fact, prosecutors routinely "overcharge" defendants in the hopes of obtaining plea deals to lesser crimes.

You are correct that the "could" should be a big hint as to why (A) is incorrect. The conclusion of the stimulus is certain, while the answer choice is uncertain, which means it is very unlikely to help much, if at all, to making the conclusion true. Contrast that to (D), which gives us certainty, as well as circumstances much more closely aligned with those in the stimulus than the vaguer ones in (A).

Hope this helps!