to the top

#13 - Heart attacks are most likely to occur on Mondays

Administrator
PowerScore Staff
PowerScore Staff
 
Posts: 6774
Joined: Wed Feb 02, 2011 4:19 pm
Points: 3,447

Complete Question Explanation

Resolve the Paradox. The correct answer choice is (A)

The stimulus contains a fact set. Heart attacks are most likely to occur on Mondays, a coincidence
that is usually explained by the fact that people feel more stress on the first day of the workweek.
Surprisingly, even unemployed retired people continue experiencing the same elevated risk of having
a heart attack on Mondays. The correct answer choice must explain why this is so.

Note that the stimulus does not contain a true paradox, just an odd situation that is presented without
explanation. The correct answer must explain how the situation came into being while allowing
both sides of the situation to be factually correct. It would be a mistake, for instance, to question the
commonly accepted explanation that people feel more stress on Mondays than on other days. As
in all Resolve questions, since you are not seeking to disprove one side of the situation, look for an
answer choice that contains a possible cause of the situation.

Answer choice (A): This is the correct answer choice. If retired people continue to associate
Mondays with work, and therefore begin large projects on Mondays, they would continue
experiencing an increased likelihood of having a heart attack on that day.

Answer choice (B): At first glance, this may seem like an attractive answer. After all, if many retired
people take up part-time jobs after they retire, it is logical to presume that Mondays will continue to
be particularly stressful. However, your job is to explain why unemployed retirees are more likely to
have heart attacks on Mondays, not why employed retirees are. Since retirees who are employed parttime
are not unemployed, this answer choice cannot resolve the paradox described in the stimulus.

Answer choice (C): If people seldom change their dietary habits after retirement, this might explain
why their risk of having heart attacks does not change when they retire. However, this would not
explain why retirees continue experiencing the same elevated risk on a specific day of the workweek.

Answer choice (D): The fact that stress is the major factor influencing the risk of heart attack only
explains why heart attacks are most likely to occur on Mondays. This is a classic incorrect answer
to a Resolve question, explaining only one side of the situation. It is still unclear, however, why
unemployed retirees continue experiencing an elevated risk of having heart attacks on the first day of
the workweek, given that they are no longer working and therefore not experiencing a high level of
stress on that day.

Answer choice (E): The relative risk of having a heart attack between unemployed retirees and
people who have jobs is entirely irrelevant and does not explain the paradox described in the
stimulus.