Complete Question Explanation
Strengthen—PR. The correct answer choice is (D)
The author in this stimulus presents a set of facts regarding careers in journalism, and then applies an unstated principle to reach a conclusion about what career counselors should tell their students.
There is a perception among many high school students interested in journalism that a career in journalism is glamorous, involving international reporting. However, the reality is that an “overwhelming majority” of reporters work for local newspapers and cover primarily local news. Because of this discrepancy between students’ expectations and reality, the author concludes that “high school counselors should tell students who are interested in journalism” the truth about what their life as a journalist would likely be, a local reporter covering local news.
This conclusion, that counselors should do something tells us that the author has applied a principle that controls how the counselors should act when faced with this disconnect between students’ perceptions and reality. While there are many ways in which this rule could be phrased, the effect of the rule is that the counselor should act to clear up the students’ misconception about a career they might pursue.
The question stem indicates that this is a Strengthen question. The correct answer choice will explicitly state the principle applied by the author. To do so, the correct answer will connect with the conclusion, stating that counselors should clear up the students’ misconceptions.
Answer choice (A): This answer choice does not connect with the conclusion, because the conclusion was not about encouraging the students, but rather about clearing up their misconceptions.
Answer choice (B): This choice overstates the concern expressed in this stimulus. It is too strong to stay that the students’ goal to be a journalist covering an international beat is unattainable—it is simply an atypical result. And, as with answer choice (A), the conclusion was not about encouraging the students, but rather telling them what life is like for a typical reporter.
Answer choice (C): As with answer choices (A) and (B), this choice is incorrect because the conclusion dealt with informing students about the realities of a journalism career. By focusing on encouragement rather than information, these answer choices connected to an issue that certainly is related to the counselor’s job, but was not the focus of this conclusion.
Answer choice (D): This is the correct answer choice, because it provides a rule that leads to the conclusion that counselors should tell students interested in journalism that the likely result of their choice would involve life as a local reporter covering local stories.
Answer choice (E): As with the other incorrect answer choices, this choice is incorrect because it places the focus on encouragement rather than information. And, relating specifically to the answer choice, we cannot say that the students who choose journalism would later regret that choice.