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#25- Science writer: All scientists have beliefs and values

jiyounglee
LSAT Leader
 
Posts: 25
Joined: Wed Aug 10, 2016 1:50 pm
Points: 1

Why is A incorrect? What makes B the better answer?

My analysis of stimulus is...

Premise: All scientists :arrow: have beliefs and values (beliefs and values = bias?)
Premise: serious scientific papers are reviewed
Premise: Reviewers are likely to notice and object to biases that they do not share
Conclusion: any slanted interpretations of scientific data will generally have been removed before publication

Applying assumption negation technique,

A could potentially weaken the conclusion because if the scientists reviewing papers for publication do always have biases likely to slant their interpretations of the data in those papers, they would not notice and object biases (because they do share that biases). Therefore, conclusion would be weakened because any slanted interpretations of scientific data will not generally removed before publication
David Boyle
PowerScore Staff
PowerScore Staff
 
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Joined: Fri Jun 07, 2013 1:25 am
Points: 743

jiyounglee wrote:Why is A incorrect? What makes B the better answer?

My analysis of stimulus is...

Premise: All scientists :arrow: have beliefs and values (beliefs and values = bias?)
Premise: serious scientific papers are reviewed
Premise: Reviewers are likely to notice and object to biases that they do not share
Conclusion: any slanted interpretations of scientific data will generally have been removed before publication

Applying assumption negation technique,

A could potentially weaken the conclusion because if the scientists reviewing papers for publication do always have biases likely to slant their interpretations of the data in those papers, they would not notice and object biases (because they do share that biases). Therefore, conclusion would be weakened because any slanted interpretations of scientific data will not generally removed before publication



Hello jiyounglee,

But they could have different biases, and be able to catch other people's biases. (Doesn't the stimulus say all scientists have biases?) So B is a better answer, because it asks the question, "What if everyone has the same biases?"

Hope this helps,
David